PLACES OF PEACE ROUTE - The European Peace Heritage Tourism in Europe

“PLACES OF PEACE ROUTE - The European Peace Heritage Tourism” is a virtual route stretching from Portugal to Bulgaria, linking the places in Europe where peace treaties were signed, identifying and promoting them with the objective of developing the spirit and the culture of peace among European populations, especially young people and to increase the number of visitors around this Intangible Heritage.

More than 200 sites are known in Europe, covering almost all the current European countries, which throughout history attended the signing of peace treaties that ended wars but also provided the advent of extended periods of social and economic development of regions, countries or kingdoms to which they belong. PLACES OF PEACE ROUTE selects for its members the peace treaties involving the peoples of the regions where were signed, which are an integral part of the collective memory of those people and its institutions as Intangible Cultural Heritage, which are already being used or are interested in being used as a means of its tourism promotion  and conducting regular celebrations on the dates that have been signed, regardless of the current population and urban dimension of those places.

Currently, the is composed by the following locations, moving from west to east:

 

  • Evoramonte (Portugal), where was signed the treaty known for Evoramonte Convention on May 26, 1834 which ended the unique civil war this country experienced in almost nine centuries of existence, ended the Old Regime Absolutist and opened a period of great political, economic and social development in Portugal;

  • Wageningen (Netherlands), where it was signed on 5 May 1945, the German Capitulation that ended II World War and opened the way to a period of peace in Europe that has lasted for over 70 years;

  • Altranstädt Castle, Markanstädt (Germany), where on August 31, 1707 was signed the treaty known as the Convention of  Altranstädt that has restored the rights of Protestants and religious freedom in Silesia which had been abolished by the Counter-Reformation;

  • Hubertusburg Castle, Wermsdorf (Germany), where was signed the treaty known as "Hubertusburg Peace", on February 21, 1763 and, together with the Treaties of Paris and St. Petersburg, ended the called " Seven Years war ", commonly regarded as the first world war;

  • Trencin (Slovakia), where on August 24, 1335, the kings of Hungary, Poland and the former Kingdom of Bohemia signed the Treaty which would open the door for the well known "Visigrado Negotiations" through which were unified  taxes and trade in Central Europe, usually considered the forerunner treaty, in miniature, of current European Union;

  • Vasvár (Hungary), where on August 8, 1664 was signed the Peace of Vasvár, which ended the Austro-Turkish War after the defeat of the Ottoman army in the Battle of St. Gotthard on 1 August of the same year and which opened a new relationship between the two major European empires in the seventeenth century;

  • Zadar (Croatia), where on February 18, 1358 was signed the Treaty of Peace between the Hungarian-Croatian Empire and the Venetian Republic that led to the definitive loss of the territories controlled by this Republic in the region of Dalmatia and allowed early a period of great prosperity for the city of Zadar today embodied in its University, founded at that time;

  • Kaynardzha (Bulgaria), where was signed on July 21, 1774, the peace treaty that ended the Russo-Turkish War of 1768/1774 between the Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire of Catherine the Great who account the legend still lives in the village, for there would have remained some time in love with the Russian General, Rumyantsev, one of the signatories of the Treaty.

  

 

Despite the historical and geographical diversity of current l Route places compete to deepen one of its main objectives - to approach the different peoples and different European cultures - Route planning to expand the number of members to 30 places covering 20 European countries by 2020.

The development of the route at each place used an engagement methodology of the various public and private local structures interested in promoting  the culture of peace from the educational point of view, and to promote the increase of visitors in those places, from the tourist point of view. In local protocols signed in several locations participate more than fifty institutions including, universities, schools of various levels of education, museums, local authorities, tour operators, accommodation and catering businesses, religious and youth organizations.

The identification and signaling of adherent places is the next step for the route through the use of new technologies and interactivity in order to reach the largest number of audience at European level and globally. At the same time, at each Route place a small informative memorial architecturally similar to all the place will be deployed, while respecting the traditional techniques and materials of each of them. These memorials will be preferentially deployed in visible places for visitors and will contain information panels about the "place of peace" who are visiting but also about all the places of the remaining network.

The route will increase the exchange of experiences and mutual understanding between the institutions and people of the acceding places, in addition to what it already results from the achievement  of 9 European Meetings in 7 different countries since 2009 until today, through the implementation of a joint initiative generically called "Peace Games" which will include conferences on the theme of Peace, music events, arts and crafts performances and historical representations, alternately in all participating locations.